Villa’s and houses

In addition to his job as Municipal Architect in Hilversum, Dudok maintained his own architectural practice for private assignments. The council had given him special permission to make designs for clients outside of Hilversum. In Hilversum itself, as a civil servant in the service of the municipality, he was not allowed to do this. In addition to large private commissions such as Warenhuis De Bijenkorf in Rotterdam, the Monument on the Afsluitdijk or the office buildings for insurance company De Nederlanden from 1845, Dudok designed twenty villas and houses.

Practical and aesthetically pleasing

Residential houses were not the most important building tasks that Dudok received as a private architect, but that did not mean that he paid less attention to them. During his designs, Dudok kept close contact with the clients, in order to meet their requirements and wishes as much as possible. In doing so, he did not lose sight of his own ideas. The result was often a practically laid out house that also met the architect’s beauty ideals. The necessary attention was paid to every detail, often involving his wife Marie as well. Dudok remained involved throughout the entire process, both in the construction and in the furnishing.

Amsterdamse School elements

Dudok designed his earliest houses in the typical country house style of that period. He made use of thatched roofs, varied building elements, bay windows and tall chimneys. He also regularly applied Amsterdam School elements. Villa Sevensteyn in Den Haag (1920-1922) represents a transition to Dudok’s personal architectural style into the Nieuwe Zakelijkheid. Characteristic are a cubist structure and flat roofs. Here too, however, you will find Amsterdam School elements in the details. In 1926 Dudok designed his own house De Wikke at 71 Utrechtseweg in Hilversum. The influence of the American architect Frank Lloyd Wright is undeniable. He would live in De Wikke until his death in 1974. His architectural office was also located at this address.

The 1950’s

In the years after the Second World War, the demand for homes changed into more sober (semi-) bungalows. These houses often have white-painted brick facades, on a dark plinth, and a tiled roof. The stately mansion of doctor P. Kieft in Bussum, which Dudok designed in the second half of the fifties, is a rich exception to this. This was also the last house that Dudok created in his architectural practice.

India

The only residential house that was built abroad is located in Calcutta (Kolkata), India. Here Dudok designed the house for Mr. S.A. Basil, one of the directors of Humayan Properties Ltd. This company had appointed Dudok to design a cinema and an apartment building with offices and apartments in the Indian city. Dudok was given six weeks leave by the municipality to travel to what was then still British territory. The design for the mansion for the director has similarities with the Town Hall in Hilversum.

National Monuments

Of the approximately twenty designs for villas and houses that Dudok designed as a private architect, fourteen have actually been executed. Five of these houses have now been designated as National Monuments. These all date from the 1920s.

Extra information

Een overzicht van woonhuizen van Dudok is te vinden op de site dudok.org in de categorie huizen.

De website dudok.org is een initiatief van enkele bewonderaars van het werk van Willem Marinus Dudok. De site bevat vooral veel beeldmateriaal van alle ontwerpen van Dudok die ooit zijn gebouwd. Het Dudok Architectuur Centrum en dudok.org werken op onafhankelijke basis samen door beeldmateriaal en informatie met elkaar te delen en incidenteel samen te werken aan projecten.

website: sbddesign.nl